A Dynamic Structural Model of Contraceptive Use and Employment Sector Choice for Women in Indonesia

 Last updated December 2010

In the 1960s, the average Indonesian woman had between five and six children. By the mid-1990s, the average number of children had declined to close to three per woman. A large part of this reduction in fertility has been attributed to the extensive family planning program that was initiated in the late 1960s under the regime of President Suharto. Contraceptive use among married women increased from 5 percent in the late 1960s to approximately 55 percent in the mid-1990s. While there is an extensive literature on the impact of the Family Planning Program on fertility rates and contraceptive use, there has been very little investigation of the program’s impact on other aspects of a woman’s life, such as labor force participation. This research investigates the impact of the Indonesian Family Planning Program on the labor force participation decisions and contraceptive choices of women.

Contact Information:
Uma Radhakrishnan, uma.radhakrishnan@census.gov, University of Virginia