Reproductive Health, Labor Outcomes, and Pro-Poor Growth in South Africa: A Micro-Simulation Approach

Last updated September 2009

Abstract:
South Africa has experienced fertility decline but, like many developing countries outside of East Asia, has not seen the parallel decline in poverty and inequality that would signify a demographic bonus from the fertility decline. This study uses microeconomic arguments and household level data on early childbearing and excess fertility to quantitatively analyze the persistence of poverty and inequalities in South Africa. The channels of interest here, through which poor reproductive health outcomes affect the level of poverty and inequalities, are missed labor market opportunities due to ill health and low educational attainment. Results from the quantitative analysis will be used to build a micro-simulation model that will be used as a policy tool to evaluate the effects of different poverty reduction strategies.

Contact Information:
Gauthier Tshiswaka-Kashalala, s24027589@tuks.co.za, University of Pretoria, South Africa