Women’s Property Rights and Gendered Policies: Implications for Women’s Long-Term Welfare in Rural Tanzania

Last updated December 2010
Author:
Amber Peterman

Abstract:
This paper evaluates effects of community-level women’s property and inheritance rights (WPIR) on women’s economic outcomes using a 13-year longitudinal panel from rural Tanzania. In the preferred model specification, inverse probability weighting (IPW) is applied to a woman-level fixed effects model to control for individual-level time invariant heterogeneity and attrition. Results indicate that changes in WPIR are significantly associated with changes in women’s employment outside the home, self-employment, and earnings. Results are not limited to subgroups of marginalized women. Findings indicate that lack of gender equity in sub-Saharan Africa may inhibit economic development for women and society as a whole.

Contact Information:
Amber Peterman, a.peterman@cgiar.org, International Food Policy Research Institute