Last updated December 2010
This paper evaluates effects of community-level women’s property and inheritance rights (WPIR) on women’s economic
outcomes using a 13-year longitudinal panel from rural Tanzania. In the preferred model specification, inverse
probability weighting (IPW) is applied to a woman-level fixed effects model to control for individual-level time
invariant heterogeneity and attrition. Results indicate that changes in WPIR are significantly associated with changes
in women’s employment outside the home, self-employment, and earnings. Results are not limited to subgroups of marginalized women. Findings indicate that lack of gender equity in sub-Saharan Africa may inhibit economic development for women and society as a whole.