Demand for Reproductive Health and Child Mortality in Nigeria

Last updated January 2009
Author:
A.I. Adeoti

Abstract:
Economic growth rate in Nigeria has improved in recent years; however the Human Development Index (HDI) rating for Nigeria is still low. This suggests that the growth is yet to be pro-poor. The child mortality is still relatively high in international comparison and the Government has put in place programmes to improve on this. The study attempts to provide insight into the demand for child immunization as a complement to other unobservable factors that affect child mortality rate. It estimates the magnitude of other demographic and socio-economic factors affecting child mortality rate. The number of children still alive to the number of children born alive in to the household determined the household’s child mortality rate The National Living Standard Survey data was used. Descriptive statistics and the Two Stage Least Square estimation procedure are used to analyze the data.
 
The results reveal an inverse relationship between child immunization and child mortality in rural and urban areas. The level of education of the mother and distance to health care facilities affect the demand for child immunization particularly in rural areas. Child mortality increases with mother’s age. Improving girl-child education will improve the demand for child immunization and also reduce child mortality. Provision of health facilities within short distances will improve access to immunization. Middle age mothers need enlightenment to continue demanding for child immunization although they may be experienced in child care. Interventions to improve household welfare will assist households provide other health and non- health inputs that will reduce child mortality.
 
Contact Information:
A.I Adeoti, jadeoti@yahoo.co.uk, University of Ibadan, Ibadan. Nigeria