Study: “Aggregate Impact of AIDS on Development”
PI(s): Santaeulalia-Llopis, Raul
Affiliation(s): University of Pennsylvania
Institutional Partner(s): PRB Dissertation Fellow
Data Source(s): Demographic and Economic Data
Methods: Population Model
Geographic Location(s): Global
The objective of this study was to examine the consequences of the AIDS epidemic on economic development, using a population model. This population model identified the main channels through which AIDS, while raising mortality rates of young adults and lowering fertility rates, affected populations over time. The results showed that AIDS: reshaped the age distribution of the population, especially working-age groups; reduced population growth; and reduced life expectancy by as much as 15 to 20 years. In addition, AIDS also reduced the individual labor efficiency of the sick, and when the epidemic was incorporated into economic models, the results showed that the AIDS epidemic reduced per capita income by as much as 12 percent.
Santaeulalia-Llopis, Raul. (2008). Aggregate Effects of AIDS on Development (Doctoral dissertation). University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.