PI: Akintunde, Temitope Sade
Affiliation: Obafemi Awolowo University
Funding Partner: IIE
Data Source(s): Secondary
Method(s): Cross-country regression
Geographic Location: Sub-Saharan Africa
The study assesses the trend and pattern of mortality and fertility rates and investigates the direction of causality between fertility and economic growth in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The goal of this paper is to evaluate the impact of mortality and fertility rates on the economic growth in SSA from 1970 to 2005. While many regions of the world are already experiencing declines in mortality and fertility rates, and increases in economic growth and development, the mortality rate is still high in SSA, the fertility rate is rigidly downward, and economic growth is also very low. Using secondary data, the study finds that one-way causality runs from fertility to economic growth and high mortality and fertility rates are contributing to low economic growth in SSA.
Akintunde, Temitope Sade, Olomola, Philip Akanni, & Oladeji, Sunday Idowu (2013). Population Dynamics and Economic Growth in Sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development, 4(13), 148-157.