Study: “Impact of Agricultural Shock on Family Planning and Women’s Labor Market Outcomes; Impact of Parent’s Health on Child Labor”
PI: Adeeb Alam, Shamma
Affiliation: University of Washington
Funding Partner: IIE
Data Source(s): Panel data
Kagera Health and Development Survey (KHDS)
University of Dar es Salaam in the Kagera region of Tanzania
Method(s): Individual Fixed Effects
Geographic Location: Tanzania
This research investigates the relationship between birth spacing and income shocks in rural Tanzania. Using panel data from 1991-1994 from individuals and households in the Kagera region of Tanzania, researchers examine the impact of agricultural shocks on contraceptive use, pregnancy, and the likelihood of childbirth. They find that households significantly increase contraceptive use in response to income shocks caused by crop loss. Furthermore, pregnancies and childbirth are also significantly delayed for households experiencing crop shock. The research argues that changes in behavior are the result of deliberate decisions of the households rather than the effects of income shocks on other factors that influence fertility. The research also examines the relationship between parental illness on child labor and schooling outcomes, and finds, overall, there is no evidence that parental illness or illness of other household members affects children’s schooling due to increased child labor. The results instead suggest that the illness of fathers, who are typically the primary income earners in Tanzanian households, reduces income and decreases the family’s ability to afford child education.
Alam, Shamma Adeeb. (2014). Parental Health Shocks, Child Labor and Educational Outcomes: Evidence from Tanzania. University of Washington – Seattle.
Alam, Shamma Addeb & Portner, Claus C. (2013). Income Shocks, Contraceptive Use, and Timing of Fertility (University of Washington Working Paper).