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Social Exclusion: The Gendering of Adolescent HIV Risks in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

  • 2009
  • Book Chapter
Hallman, Kelly K.

Publication Title: The Fourth Wave: An Assault on Women – Gender, Culture and HIV in the 21st Century

Editors: Klot, Jennifer F. and Nguyen, Vinh-Kim

Abstract: Links among community social cohesion, group membership and HIV risk behaviours were investigated among 14 to 18-year-old females and males in KwaZulu-Natal province, South Africa). The impact of social capital indices and their components were examined. Young men in more cohesive communities were less likely to have a non-consensual first sexual experience. Residing in a turbulent community was associated with an increased likelihood of multiple partners for both sexes. Greater perceived trust among neighbours mapped to older age at sexual for young women and lower chances of nonconsensual sex, as did membership in sports, study and religious groups. The design and targeting of HIV-prevention programmes for adolescents should incorporate such gendered social determinants of vulnerability.


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